Gum disease begins as a build-up of bacteria and waste products on your teeth that irritate your gums. The first stage of the condition is called gingivitis. When gingivitis is not treated it causes your gums to recede and allows further bacteria to become trapped. If no treatment is given, the tooth’s roots can become visible and it can begin to wobble and weaken, often resulting in the teeth needing to be removed. Generally, gum disease is caused by poor dental hygiene, but there are other factors that heighten your risk levels. These include smoking, diabetes and as a result of hormonal changes around pregnancy. Treatment is normally carried out by a dentist or hygienist and involves removing the built up plaque and tartar, but prevention through regular brushing and flossing is much more effective.
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