Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
Arthritis is a chronic condition which sees inflammation within a joint, often causing severe pain. There are over 200 types of the affecting 2.5 million adults and children in the UK. In some manifestations the body’s immune system attacks tissues in and around joints, causing pains stiffness and swelling. In other types inflammation occurs when bones try to repair damaged cartilage and alter the shape of the joint. 1 in 1000 of the UK population develops arthritis in childhood, which is known as Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis. There are 3 main types of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis; oligo-articular which has good recovery rates, afflicts 4 or less limbs – most typically the knees, wrists and ankles; polyarticular which affects 5 or more joints, can spread quickly from one to another and is often accompanied by a rash and fever; and systematic onset which starts with swollen glands, lethargy, fever and rash and develops into enlarged, inflamed joints. There is no miracle cure for arthritis and whilst it is a serious, chronic condition it only causes severe disability in 5% of cases. Treatment varies with each individual case and can vary from medication and surgery to physiotherapy, osteopathy and acupuncture.
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