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NHS Choices Condition

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If your GP suspects that you have endometriosis, they will refer you to a gynaecologist (specialist) for a proper diagnosis. Endometriosis can only be diagnosed with an examination called a laparoscopy.


For this procedure, you will be given a general anaesthetic (put to sleep) and a special viewing tube with a light on the end (a laparoscope) will be passed into your body. The laparoscope has a tiny camera that transmits images to a video monitor so that the specialist can view the endometriosis tissue.

The specialist will then either take a small sample (a biopsy) for laboratory testing or insert other surgical instruments to treat the endometriosis (see Treatment of endometriosis for more information).

The area of your body where the laparoscope will be inserted depends on where the specialist thinks the endometriosis tissue is. Because many women have symptoms around their pelvis and lower abdomen (tummy), the laparoscope is usually inserted into the pelvis through the navel (belly button).

You can usually go home the same day as a laparoscopy. For more information, see Health A-Z: laparoscopy.

view information about Endometriosis on www.nhs.co.uk »

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